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Metz

The square of the Comedy

Situated on the island of Small Saulcy, this square is at feet of the theater of Metz. This last one was built between 1738 and 1752 by the architects Oger, Leuze et Landau. It is about one of the first theaters built in France, and there is the oldest theater still in service. On each side of the theater, were built two detached houses : the detached house of customs and detached house Saint Marcel. 

During the revolution, it is on this square that was the guillotine: 63 persons were guillotined there.


The Place of Comedy
The Place of Comedy
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Place of Comedy and the Theater
The Place of Comedy and the Theater
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Place of Comedy
The Place of Comedy
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The imperial coat of arms of Metz on the front wall of the theater
The imperial coat of arms of Metz on the front wall of the theater
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple

South side of the island of Small Saulcy, rises the New Temple.

Built at the time of the German annexation, by the architect Wahn, it was criticized very for a long time because people judged that it distorted the harmony of the quite close Square of Comedy. This Protestant temple was inaugurated by the emperor Guillaume II.


The Place of Comedy and the New Temple
The Place of Comedy and the New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple
The New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple
The New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple
The New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple
The New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The New Temple
The New Temple
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Cathedral Saint-Etienne

The construction of the cathedral Saint-Etienne of Metz began at instigation of the bishop Conrad de Scharfenberg, near 1220. Its construction ended by 1520 and it was blessed on April 11th, 1552. As it is completely built stone of Jeumont, the cathedral Saint-Etienne of Metz is of yellow / orangy color


The cathedral Saint-Etienne of Metz
The cathedral Saint-Etienne of Metz
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The cathedral, at turn of a street...
The cathedral, at turn of a street...
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The entrance of the Cathedral
The entrance of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

You penetrate into the cathedral by a very decorated side door.


The entrance of the Cathedral
The entrance of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Détails of the entrance
Détails of the entrance
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Détails of the entrance
Détails of the entrance
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Détails of the entrance
Détails of the entrance
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Détails of the entrance
Détails of the entrance
(click on the photo to enlarge)

From the entrance, we are seized by the impressive dimensions of the cathedral: 132 m of length, 46m of height in the transept. With 41m of height, its nave is the third the highest of France, for a Gothic cathedral, after those of Beauvais and Amiens


The nave of the Cathedral
The nave of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The chancel of the Cathedral
The chancel of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The chancel of the Cathedral
The chancel of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

But what impresses most, it is the luminosity: the cathedral of Metz is the religious building the most glazed by the Christian world. If we exclude the basilica Our Lady of the Peace of Yamoussoukro, built in 1989 in Côte d'Ivoire and its 8000m ² of windows. So, with its 6500m ² of viral, the Cathedral of Metz is nicknamed: " the Lantern of God ".

The rose of the big portal is due to Herman of Munster (1384-1392), the window of the western transept to Théobald de Lixheim (1504) and the window of the transept belongs to Valentin Bousch (1521-1527) are the biggest of the world with 424 m² each.


The east transept of the Cathedral
The east transept of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The nave of the Cathedral
The nave of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The west transept of the Cathedral
The west transept of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The rose of the big portal
The rose of the big portal
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Among the numerous stained glasses of the cathedral, we notice specially 2 signed Marc Chagall, whom we find in the western transept and in the entry of the ambulatory. Created in 1960 and 1968, Chagall draws its inspiration from the Old Testament, in particular of the Genesis and the Original sin. 


Stained glass of Marc Chagall - West transept
Stained glass of Marc Chagall - West transept
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Stained glass of Marc Chagall - entry of the ambulatory
Stained glass of Marc Chagall - entry of the ambulatory
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Stained glass of Marc Chagall - entry of the ambulatory
Stained glass of Marc Chagall - entry of the ambulatory
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Let's do a last small tour of the cathedral to appreciate the beauty of the building...


The big portal of the Cathedral
The big portal of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The west facade of the Cathedral
The west facade of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The west facade of the Cathedral
The west facade of the Cathedral
(click on the photo to enlarge)






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