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The plateau of Giza

In some kilometres of the city center of Cairo and in only hundred of metre of the last houses is the plateau of Giza. The most famous tourist place of all Egypt, because it is on this plateau that is situated the last one of the seven wonders of the Ancient world: the pyramid of Kheops. On this plateau, is also the pyramids of Khephren and Mykerinos, as well as the sphinx of Giza.


Great Pyramids sight from Cairo
Great Pyramids sight from Cairo
(click on the photo to enlarge)

It is in quite 9 pyramids that we can cross on the plateau of Giza: those of Kheops, Khephren and smaller Mykerinos and 6 pyramids corresponding to the pyramids of the queens.

The biggest is the one of Kheops. Of an initial height of 146m, it is not more than of 137m today. It is the only one of the seven wonders of the Ancient world which exists even nowadays. We estimate its total mass about 5 million tons and every block of polite limestone weighs on average 2,5t. Built by Imhotep there is 4500, it shelters the grave of the Pharaoh Kheops.


The pyramid of Kheops
The pyramid of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Kheops
The pyramid of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Kheops
The pyramid of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Kheops
The pyramid of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Kheops
The pyramid of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

Second pyramid is the one of Khephren, son of Khéops. Slightly smaller than that of Kheops (143,5m originally), it seems nevertheless bigger because the angle of construction is more important. It is also easily recognizable because it keeps on the top the facing of fine limestone with which it was totally covered.


The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Khephren
The pyramid of Khephren
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The smallest of 3 great pyramids is the one of Mykerinos. Of a height of only 66m, it represents only a tenth of the volume of that of Kheops. Originally, its walls were covered with pink granite of Assouan on the first third of its height and with limestone on the last 2 thirds.


The pyramid of Mykerinos
The pyramid of Mykerinos
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The pyramid of Mykerinos
The pyramid of Mykerinos
(click on the photo to enlarge)

At feet of the pyramid of Kheops, a wooden solar boat of cedar was found during works around the great pyramid. Consisted of 1224 details, it was gone back up and can visit in a museum specially constructed towards its discovery. Of a length of 43,5m, it requires no nail to hold.


The solar boat of Kheops
The solar boat of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The solar boat of Kheops
The solar boat of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The solar boat of Kheops
The solar boat of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The solar boat of Kheops
The solar boat of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The solar boat of Kheops
The solar boat of Kheops
(click on the photo to enlarge)

All pictures of the solar boat are available in this slideshow.

Not far from there, standing guard at feet of pyramids, glance towards the sunrise of the sun, is the Sphinx of Giza. Length of 73m and height of 20m, this statue with man's face and with body of lion was cut in a natural cape in the middle of a quarry which supplied blocks necessary for the construction of great pyramids. Many mysteries surround this guard of pyramids: when has it was realized? Who does it represent? Khephren, Kheops or another man?

Whatever are these mysteries, it is really very impressive...


The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)

The Sphinx of Giza
The Sphinx of Giza
(click on the photo to enlarge)






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